The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is an intergovernmental organization founded in 2001 by China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The SCO was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism, which was established in 1996 to strengthen trust and foster cooperation between the member countries. The SCO's full form expands to 'Shanghai Cooperation Organisation'. It is headquartered in Beijing, China. Some key objectives and focus areas of the SCO are: - Strengthening mutual trust, good neighborliness and friendship among member countries - Promoting effective cooperation in politics, trade, economy, research, technology and culture - Ensuring security and maintaining stability across the region - Moving towards the establishment of a new, democratic, just and rational political and economic international order The SCO currently has 8 member states - the original members along with India and Pakistan who joined in 2017. There are 4 observer states - Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia. The SCO also has 6 dialogue partners - Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Turkey. Over the years, the SCO has grown in prominence and is seen as a counterbalance to NATO. It aims to tackle issues like terrorism, separatism and extremism in Eurasia. The member countries occupy around 60% of the land mass of Eurasia and have around half of the world's population. The SCO has focused on areas like security, economy, culture, education and health. It holds annual summits and meetings to foster collaboration between the member states. The SCO has observer status at the United Nations. So in summary, SCO is an important regional organization centered around China and Russia that brings together Eurasian countries for security and economic cooperation. The full form neatly captures the essence of this grouping - the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. ro plant in ranchi age calculator com net ai image converter nick finder password generator who is my isp whatsapp link generator love calculator comment picker fastdl keepvid ssyoutube y2mate ytmp3 net com ai igram yt1s yt5s url shortener ytmp3 ssyoutube djsongs savefrom

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